Written By - Jatin Khatreja Posted on - 16 Sep'2023


In recent years, there has been a growing global movement towards healthier and more sustainable food choices. As part of this movement, the United Nations has declared 2023 as the International Year of Millets, shining a spotlight on these small but mighty grains.

What are Millets?

Millets are a group of small-seeded grains that have been cultivated for thousands of years. They are known for their resilience in harsh climates and their ability to thrive in low-water conditions, making them a sustainable and climate-resilient crop. Some common types of millets include pearl millet, finger millet, sorghum, foxtail millet, and proso millet.

The Nutritional Revolution

The declaration of 2023 as the International Year of Millets represents a nutritional revolution in the world of food and agriculture. Millets are a nutritional powerhouse, packed with essential nutrients like fibre, protein, vitamins, and minerals. By making millets a focal point in our diets, we can address various health and nutrition challenges worldwide.

1. Health Benefits of Millets

• High in Fibre: Millets are an excellent source of dietary fibre, promoting digestive health and preventing conditions like constipation.
• Rich in Protein: Millets contain a good amount of plant-based protein, making them a valuable addition to vegetarian and vegan diets.
• Gluten-Free: Unlike wheat and barley, millets are naturally gluten-free, making them suitable for individuals with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.
• Low Glycemic Index: Millets have a low glycemic index, which helps regulate blood sugar levels, making them ideal for diabetics.

2. Environmental Impact:

• Sustainable Farming: Millet cultivation requires minimal water and is well- suited for rain-fed agriculture, reducing pressure on water resources.
• Climate Resilience: Millets are hardy crops that can withstand adverse weather conditions, contributing to food security in regions prone to climate change-related challenges.
• Biodiversity: Millet farming promotes biodiversity as it allows for the cultivation of a variety of millet species and other crops.

Culinary Versatility

One of the most exciting aspects of millets is their culinary versatility. They can be used in a wide range of dishes, catering to various tastes and preferences. Here are some popular ways to incorporate millets into your diet:

1. Millet Porridge: Millets can be used to make a hearty and nutritious breakfast porridge, similar to oatmeal. Add fruits, nuts, and a drizzle of honey for extra flavor.

2. Millet Pilaf: Replace rice with millets in your favourite pilaf recipe for a nuttier and more nutritious twist.

3. Millet Flour: Millets can be ground into flour and used to make gluten-free flatbreads, pancakes, and baked goods.

4. Millet Salad: Make a refreshing and healthy salad by tossing cooked millets with fresh vegetables, herbs, and a zesty dressing.

5. Millet Soup: Use millets as a thickening agent in soups and stews, adding a unique texture and flavour.

Millets Around the World

While millets may be less familiar to some Western consumers, they have been a dietary staple in various parts of the world for centuries. In India, for example, millets like finger millet (ragi) and pearl millet (bajra) have been consumed for generations. Similarly, sorghum is a crucial crop in parts of Africa, while proso millet is popular in Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe. The International Year of Millets 2023 is an opportunity to celebrate the global diversity of millet consumption and promote their adoption in new regions.

Supporting the International Year of Millets

As we celebrate the International Year of Millets 2023, there are several ways individuals, communities, and governments can support this nutritional revolution:

1. Promote Awareness: Spread the word about the nutritional benefits and versatility of millets through social media, blogs, and community events.

2. Encourage Farming: Support local farmers who grow millets by purchasing millet- based products and advocating for policies that promote millet farming.

3. Educational Programs: Advocate for educational programs that teach people how to cook with millets and incorporate them into their diets.

4. Research and Innovation: Invest in research and innovation to develop new millet- based products and processing techniques.

5. Policy Changes: Advocate for policies that promote millets in school meal programs, public institutions, and government food policies.


The International Year of Millets 2023 marks a significant turning point in our approach to food and nutrition. Millets are not just grains; they are the seeds of a nutritional revolution that can improve health, promote sustainability, and empower farmers worldwide. As we celebrate this important year, let's embrace the versatility of millets in our kitchens and promote their cultivation and consumption. Together, we can make millets a staple in our diets and contribute to a healthier, more sustainable world. Join the nutritional revolution today!

Remember, the International Year of Millets 2023 is about celebrating and promoting these nutritious grains, so let's spread the word and make millets a part of our daily lives.


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